The world’s first nuclear explosion occurred on July 16, 1945. Trinity was the first-ever successful nuclear bomb that was detonated in New Mexico.
The Manhattan Project was handled by theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer who is the “father of the atomic bomb” and also a director of the Los Alamos Laboratory. The project was conducted in an isolated desert location near Alamogordo, New Mexico. The explosion created an enormous mushroom cloud about 40,000 feet high and ushered in the Atomic Age. Trinity nuclear bomb was the first of over 2000 nuclear tests to be conducted throughout the world. During the test, a huge amount of radioactivity had been released.
Trinity (Nuclear Test)
Trinity was the codename for the world’s first successful test detonation of a nuclear device. It was organized by the United States Army, as a part of the Manhattan Project. The test was performed in the Jornada del Muerto desert about (35 miles) 56 km southeast of Socorro, New Mexico. During this base camp, 425 people participated on the weekend of the test.
When Was the First Nuclear Bomb Tested?
- A. 1945
- B. 1956
- C. 1940
- D. 1854
- Robert Oppenheimer was inspired by John Donne’s poetry and decided to work on this nuclear test. The implosion-design plutonium device was informally called “The Gadget.” The device was similar to the Fat Man bomb later denoted over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, in Japan. The complication of the design required a great effort from the Los Alamos Laboratory. They were in the confusion that it would work properly when they conducted the first nuclear test. The test was organized and directed by Kenneth Bainbridge.
The decision of Atomic Bomb Test- New Mexico
The federal government paid a total of $6,000 for research In February 1940. The concept of testing the implosion device was brought up during the conference at Los Alamos in January 1944. The idea was approved by Groves.
The Manhattan Project had a good deal of money and effort to make the plutonium. Norman Ramsey was appointed to investigate how this could be done. He conducted a small-scale test in February 1944, in which the explosion was limited in size by decreasing the number of generations of chain reactions. The test was tried inside a sealed containment vessel so that the plutonium could be recovered.
The Manhattan Project’s original fund was $6,000, later it was increased to a total cost of $2 billion.
The First Atomic Bomb Test Was Appreciated
T.F. Farrell who was a Deputy Commanding General and Chief of Field Operations of the Manhattan Project stated about the first atomic bomb that, “No man-made phenomenon of such tremendous power had ever occurred before. The lighting effects beggared description. The whole country was lighted by a searing light with the intensity many times that of the midday sun.”
Albert Einstein mentioned in his letter which he wrote to the U.S. President Roosevelt in 1939 said, “A single bomb of this type, carried by boat and exploded in a port, might well destroy the whole port with some of the surrounding territories.”