Cleopatra- Beauty Queen or Political Genius?

Iris | 08 - 23 - 2022
A potrait of Cleopatra

Cleopatra is the epitome of beauty, ruler of Egypt, and the renowned lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony in Shakespearean drama. Cleopatra became the queen of Egypt after the death of her father, Ptolemy XII. She was the last ruler of the Egyptian kingdom.

Cleopatra and beauty

History and drama provide details on Cleopatra’s beauty, including how captivating and stunning she was and how she retains a particular place among the most beautiful women in human history. The artifacts, sculptures, and coins of the period paint a picture of the beauty of the Egyptian queen. Texts like Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra have historical references about the beauty that changed the political weather of Rome and captivated Antony alongside her exhibits her potential beauty. Cleopatra’s beauty facts are contradictory to contemporary representation but still hold strong today.

Cleopatra political achievements

Cleopatra started ruling Egypt along with her brother, Ptolemy XIV. Eventually, Ptolemy XIV forcibly exiled her from Egypt; as a result, Cleopatra decided to exact revenge. She had to ask Julius Caesar, the Roman emperor at the time, for assistance as she wished to reclaim her authority and crown. Caesar discovered a way to pay back the debts owed by Cleopatra’s father to the Romans. 

Cleopatra was the ruler of which country?
  • A. Rome
  • B. Germany
  • C. Egypt
  • D. Israel

Julius Caesar and Cleopatra were in a romantic relationship. From this point, Cleopatra’s reign had an impact not only on Egypt but also on Rome. After Caesar’s death, Cleopatra’s impact on Rome continued through Mark Antony. Mark Antony and Cleopatra fell in love, and this occurrence brought about a major change in the political conditions of Rome and Egypt. Octavian waged war against Antony in Egypt, and the inability to fight back led to the downfall of Egypt and the death of Antony and Cleopatra.

Though Cleopatra efficiently ruled over Egypt by stabilizing the economy, curbing corruption, and opening granaries during times of drought, she was not able to sustain the efficacy.

Interesting facts about Cleopatra

  • Cleopatra married her brother, Ptolemy XIV. She was supposedly a part of her brother’s death.
  • Cleopatra and her clan, who were of Macedonian Greek descent, ruled Egypt. She is supposedly the first Egyptian ruler to acquire the language to advance politically.
  • Cleopatra commanded the army to retaliate against her brother.
  • She was well educated and studied in the city that had the world’s finest library, The Alexandria Library.
  • Cleopatra had four children.
  • The cause of Cleopatra’s death was suicide.
  • After Cleopatra’s death, Romans took over Egypt.

Why is Cleopatra so famous?

Cleopatra is famous for her relationship with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony and is known throughout history for her beauty. Several works of art—texts and movies— were created with Cleopatra as the base.

Cleopatra was a political genius who ruled Egypt and is considered the most beautiful woman of all time. Check our quiz to test your knowledge of facts about Cleopatra.

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