Interesting CRISPR Facts That Everyone Should Know

Elmira | 25 - 07 - 2021
CRISPR

CRISPR-Cas9 is recognized as a unique technology that allows medical researchers and geneticists to correct parts of the genome by removing, altering, or editing parts of the DNA sequence. This is considered the simplest, precise, easiest, and most versatile method of genetic manipulation.

What is CRISPR-Cas9?

What does CRISPR stand for? The full form of CRISPR is Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats. It is a genome engineering technique that enables scientists to precisely alter the DNA of any genome.

CRISPR plays a vital role in microbial immunity. When a microbial cell was infected by a virus, the microbe makes a CRISPR-associated nuclease (Cas9) to cut off a piece of the viral DNA.

What Diseases Can CRISPR Cure?
  • A. Cancer
  • B. Blood disorders
  • C. HIV
  • D. All of the Above

In the CRISPR method, scientists utilize particular DNA scissors that can be an invaluable tool for editing or correcting genetic mutations that can cause fatal diseases including cystic fibrosis, HIV, and cancer. CRISPR can do more wonders in healthcare in the future.

Mind-Blowing CRISPR Facts That You Need to Know

Why is CRISPR amazing?  Scroll down to uncover interesting facts about CRISPR.

How does CRISPR-Cas9 edit genes? The CRISPR-Cas9 system contains two main molecules that introduce a change into the DNA. These are an enzyme known as Cas9 and a piece of RNA called guide RNA (gRNA).

Some bacteria? have a similar, built-in, gene editing system to the CRISPR-Cas9 system that they use to respond to invading pathogens? like viruses, much like an immune system. 

CRISPR-Cas9 consists of some bacterias that have a built-in gene-editing system that protects against pathogens. It is similar to an immune system.

They use CRISPR to snip out portions of the virus DNA that help identify and protect themselves against the virus when it attacks in the future.

Scientists opted for this method because it could be useful in other cells from animals like mice and humans.

CRISPR-Cas9 is a potential tool to treat some medical conditions including cancer, high cholesterol, and hepatitis B.

One study was published in Nature that revealed that scientists have edited or corrected a one-cell embryo DNA to remove the MYBPC3 gene. It is known to cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which is a complex type of heart disease.

Scientists also successfully used gene editing methods to thoroughly extract HIV from a living organism, with repeated success on three different animals.

CRISPR technology is used in the ‘command center’ of cancer, known as the hybrid fusion which leads to the face of abnormal tumor growth. A cut and paste method was used in mice carrying human prostate and liver cancer cells.

Scientists targeted Tudor-SN, known as a key protein in cell division and slowed the development of cancerous cells. It is anticipated that this approach could slow the fast-developing cells.

Scientists use CRISPR in the laboratory to edit genes in bacteria, plant and animal models.

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