On 18th February 2021, NASA’s Perseverance Mars Rover successfully landed on Mars. As of January 2022, Perseverancehas been active and completed 316 sols (325 Earth days) since its landing. The main motto of the Mars Exploration Program is to provide scientific information continually and find more about the selected series of robotic orbiters, landers, and mobile laboratories. If you are curious to learn about NASA’s Perseverance rover and its accomplishments, then you are at the right place to find out about the Mars Exploration Program.
Mars Exploration Facts
Exploring Mars can help astronauts learn more about momentous shifts in climate that contribute to altering planets. NASA’s Perseverance rover has been active since it landed on Jezero Crater. In the past 10 months, the car-size rover has travelled 1.8 miles, making it the longest river driver on a Martian day. It took over 100,000 images and collected six samples of Martian rock and environment that could help bring it to Earth to study more about it.
Who Started the Mars Exploration Program?
- A. The International Space Station
- B. European Space Station
- C. NASA
- D. All of the Above
In the recent video, Jessica Samuels who is the Perseverance surface operations mission manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California looked back on the year that was packed with groundbreaking discoveries. She also demonstrated that the forthcoming stage of Perseverance’s mission is all about examining the delta created in Jezero Crater many millions of years ago. Samuels said that “It feels great to be a part of making history and enabling the start of a Mars Sample Return campaign.” What motivates us as engineers and scientists exploring another planet is the opportunity to learn more.”
More About Mars Exploration Mission
Astrobiology is the primary goal of Perseverance’s mission on Mars. This mission includes the tracking of movements of ancient microbial life. The rover will describe the planet’s geology and previous climate, making it easier for human investigation of the Red Planet. It is the first assignment to gather and cache Martian rock and regolith.
The next NASA mission, combined with ESA (European Space Agency), would send spacecraft to Mars to gather these sealed samples from the surface and get them back to Earth for thorough analysis. The Mars 2020 Perseverance mission to the Moon may contribute to the human exploration of the Red Planet. JPL, which is operated by Caltech for NASA, California, created and handled operations of the Perseverance rover.
About Mars Exploration Rover
The Exploration Rover is a well-known US robotic car that keeps an eye on the exterior of Mars from January 2004 to June 2018. The rover’s goal was to analyze the physical and chemical composition of the surface at various locations and also to find whether water had ever been there on the planet. It was created also to figure out other characteristics that the planet could have helped some form of life. The twin rovers, namely Spirit and Opportunity were introduced on June 10 and July 7, respectively. On January 3, 2004, Spirit reached Gusev crater whereas, on January 24, Opportunity reached the equatorial plain known as Meridiani Planum, which is the opposite side of the planet.