Who Is King Tut?
The ancient ruler Pharaoh Tutankhamun ruled ancient Egypt from the age of nine in the time period 1333 to 1323 B.C. Tut’s actual birth name was Tutankhaten, where the last two syllables honored the sun god. He changed his name after becoming king.
After the death of his father Akhenaten, who believed everyone had to worship one god, SUN, called Aten, instead of the 2000 gods they believed in. Tut didn’t rule for many years, as he died at the age of 19. The reason for death is unknown.
King Tut’s tomb discovery
The tomb of Tutankhamun was discovered by evacuators led by Egyptologist Howard Carter in the Valley of the Kings in 1922. To their despair, most of the pharaoh’s tombs were stolen in ancient times. Whereas Tut’s tomb was hidden and covered with natural stones and debris, allowing it not to get robbed these many years. Hence it was the first largely intact royal burial from the ancient Egyptian era.
What is the birth name of Tutankhamun?
- A. Tutankhaten
- B. Thutmose
- C. Amenhotep
- D. Akhenaten
Tut’s tomb secret chamber
There was great speculation for many years among archaeologists that the hidden hieroglyphics will lead to the discovery of a secret chamber adjacent to Tut’s tomb. It was anticipated that the fabled beautiful Egyptian Queen Nefertiti’s last remaining body lies in a hidden chamber near Tut’s tomb.
Nicholas Reeves from the British Museum’s Department of Egyptian Antiquities said, “Close inspection of Ay’s cartouches reveals clear, underlying traces of an earlier name – that of Tutankhamun. In its original version, this scene had shown Tutankhamun performing the funerary ritual for the tomb’s original owner, his immediate predecessor … Nefertiti.”
He doubted that the unexpected death of the young pharaoh king in 1324 BC, at the age of 19, made the people bury the king’s body immediately. Hence, according to Reeves Tutankhamun’s tomb is an outer section covering a much larger tomb preserving his predecessor ‘Nefertiti.’
The studies including thermal imaging and mold-growth analysis seemed to support Reeves’s point of view. He wrote in his book The Complete Tutankhamun, “Far from Tutankhamun having been buried in the expanded, unused tomb of a private individual, it looks very much as if he was merely an interloper within the outer section of a significantly larger, queenly tomb … An unusual state of affairs this may seem, but in fact, the arrangement is far from unique.”
End of controversy
The analysis conducted by the National Geographic Society and led by Franco Porcelli from the University of Turin put an end to the controversial theory about the Tomb. A Radar scan by Hirokatsu Watanabe in November 2015 showed there were two areas that are empty. The empty chambers were assumed to be present behind the paintings of the main chamber that depicts the burial rituals.
The second radar scan conducted by the National Geographic Society in April 2016 contradicted the first findings. The long-time study ended with a statement, “We conclude, with a very high level of confidence, that the hypothesis concerning the existence of hidden chambers adjacent [to] Tutankhamun’s tomb is not supported by the [ground-penetrating radar] data.”
The architecture of king tut’s tomb
The tomb consists of four chambers along with an entrance staircase and passageway. The four rooms are the antechamber, burial chamber, annex, and treasury. Carter entered first in the antechamber which included three funeral beds and four chariots. King Tut’s mummy was preserved in three nested coffins inside the royal sarcophagus. The last one was a gold coffin. Egyptologists found statues and a chest with objects In the treasury. They also found an annex chamber filled with oils, dishes, and games.
Some interesting Facts about king tut’s tomb
- King Tut’s birth name was Tutankhaten, inspired by the sun god.
- Tutankhamun became the youngest king of the Pharaoh dynasty at the age of nine.
- King Tut died when he was 19 years old.
- Egyptologist Lord Carnarvon’s mysterious death in April 1923 led to speculation that it was because of the curse of the Pharaohs.
- Tut’s coffin was a three-piece sarcophagus covered with red quartzite from the exterior and the interior with 110 kilograms of solid gold.
- The Pharaoh king had a gold funeral mask inlaid with lapis lazuli(blue metamorphic stones). The eyes were made up of quartz and obsidian.
- Tutankhamun’s tomb is the first and only royal intact tomb to be discovered in the Valley of the Kings. The coffin was surrounded by more than 5,000 antique articles.
- Carter took 10 years to explore the tomb and analyzed all the thousands of royal goods that were excavated from the tomb.
- The designation KV62 stands for Valley of the Kings and the number ‘62’ shows the 62nd tomb discovered.
- The treasures found are displayed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt.