Meet the World’s Smallest Cat Breed

Ashley | 02 - 11 - 2024

The rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) is a fascinating species known for its diminutive size. Its tiny and unique appearance has captured the attention of wildlife enthusiasts and researchers.  It weighs between 2.2 to 3.5 pounds (1 to 1.6 kilograms) and has a body length of about 14 to 19 inches (35 to 48 centimetres) excluding the tail. Read more to know the world’s smallest cat breed.

World’s Smallest Cat Breed

According to the International Society for Endangered Cats Canada, the rusty-spotted cat is one of the smallest in the cat family. Living primarily in forested regions, grasslands, and scrublands of India and Sri Lanka, the rusty-spotted cat is a solitary and nocturnal predator. 

Tiny Cats: Facts and Figures

World’s smallest cat breed is found in India, Sri Lanka and some parts of Nepal. It features long ears, a short rounded head, and two white streaks on the inner side of its eyes. Most of the body is covered with short reddish-grey fur along with rusty spots. 

What is the scientific name of the world's smallest cat breed?
  • A. Prionailurus rubiginosus
  • B. Felis catus
  • C. Panthera leo Lynx
  • D. rufus

What Do the World’s Smallest Cats Eat?

Their diet typically consists of small mammals, birds, insects, and reptiles. Due to their secretive nature and the remote areas they inhabit, studying these cats in the wild is challenging, which has led to limited information about their behavior and ecology.


Countries make cautious decisions when it comes to preserving wild lives. Indian population puts the rusty-spotted cats on the list, CITES Appendix I. Where Sri Lanks is listed in CITES Appendix II. Hunting and trading are banned to completely protect the species in India and Sri Lanka. Local and international organizations work together to monitor populations, fight illegal wildlife trade, and implement conservation initiatives to safeguard these remarkable small cats for future generations. 

What is CITES?

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, (CITES). The multilateral treaty was introduced to protect against threats to international trade. The endangered plants and animals are monitored in this treaty. 

Bottom Line

Rusty-spotted cats are smaller than domestic cats, so just imagine measuring their size. Hope you enjoyed the blog!

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